To Dr Kambamettu

This is a response to the Eco Eye Episode presented on RTE One on 28th January 2021 informing the public about non-ionising radiation.  The content was mainly about radon gas but you also referred to non-ionising radiation emissions from wireless broadband infrastructure, the technological devices we use, and also 5G (fifth generation broadband).  You set out to ‘debunk some surprising myths’ and to inform us where the real danger of non-ionising radiation lies so we can protect ourselves.  The write-up concluded ‘that the man-made radiation that everyone is afraid of, is not worth being worried about’.  I felt compelled to respond to this and wondered how much research on the issue of non-ionising radiation you are actually aware of, given that you are working in the field of psychology i.e. human behaviour.  As a member of a group of people in Ireland who suffer from Microwave Sickness, now more commonly known as Electrohypersensitivity (EHS), derived from non-ionising Electromagnetic Fields/Radiofrequency/Wi-Fi (EMF/RF/Wi-Fi), you appeared to provide an opinion that the concerns people have regarding health effects is really an anxiety issue.

Electromagnetic Sense Ireland was set up in the 1990s and has members all over Ireland.  Our work is not just about 5G, it involves all man-made artificial EMF/RF/Wi-Fi i.e. microwaves pulses from 2G, 3G, 4G and millimetre waves from 5G.  The implication in your documentary that natural EMF and man-made artificial EMF are similar is a huge misconception.  Natural EMF are quantized and consist of photons, whereas man-made EMF consists of a continuous wave and does not consist of photons.  For more information on this ‘Big Misunderstanding’ see Professor Dimitris Panagopoulos  (University of Athens) research Horizons in World Physics, Volume 296 (2018).

The work of our group focuses particularly on pulsed radiofrequency/wireless radiation emitted from telecommunication infrastructure, mobile phones, laptops, meters, baby alarms and all things wireless.  Our work is grounded in the recommendations of the EU Parliamentary Assembly Resolution 1815 (2011) The Potential Dangers of Electromagnetic Fields and Their Effect on the Environment (2011).

You state that the dangers of non-ionising radiation is ‘one of the most misunderstood topics in Ireland’ and comfort us with what scientists are telling us are the ‘real’ risks, as a means of unpicking our anxieties.  Perhaps you do not recall the scientific contradictions orchestrated by the product defence industry set up to assuage public fear regarding many products in the past, for example, lead in petrol, asbestos or tobacco.  It took 30 years and the deaths of millions of people before the effects of e.g. tobacco finally became indefensible.  During that process scientists, paid by the industry, set out to ridicule any research that threatened powerful interests, produced reanalyses of the conclusions of independent scientists, wrote reports denigrating independent scientists as well as studies whose findings did not serve the corporate cause.   The European Environment Agency (EEA) reviews environmental hazards such as tobacco and their report ‘Late Lessons From Early Warnings’  (The Precautionary Principle) (2013) describes the deliberate corporate strategy of manufacturing doubt in order to undermine precautionary decision-making.  We are now in a similar position with regard to EMF/RF/Wi-Fi.  ‘Learning from Leaders’ (Kambamettu), scientists, or ‘experts’ without serious enquiry can result in a form of blindness whether wilful or not.

In the documentary Dr Ciara McMahon (RIP), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) advises us that the levels of EMF/RF/Wi-Fi at which the public are exposed is not harmful and supports this by alluding to the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) credence – as long as the levels stay within the internationally set levels they are safe.  EMF/RF/Wi-Fi guidelines adopted by Ireland are those of the International Commission for Non-Ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), a non-governmental organisation whose members also made up 50% of the Irish ‘Experts’ Group, Report: Health Effects of EMF (2007), and who also set up the World Health Organisation (WHO), EMF Project.  This presents a clear Conflict of Interests situation and this is similarly reflected in the self-elected individuals who make up the ICNIRP itself.  It is well known that the ICNIRP standards are flawed in that they are based upon thermal effects i.e. on Specific Absorption Rate and were devised from trials using plastic mannequins, and only for a period of six minutes.  They do not represent the cumulative, long-term, continuous exposure that we all live in today.  The physiological effects of EMF/RF/Wi-Fi occur at non-thermal levels, a fact accepted by science today with research dating back to 1947.  There is plenty of information about the issues around ICNIRP, most recently a report written by two MEPs in June 2020 published by the Greens/EFA Group in the European Parliament – Michele Rivasi (Europe Ecologie) and Klaus Buchner (Ecological-Democratic Party) – ICNIRP: Conflicts of Interest, “Corporate Capture” and the push to expand the 5G network (2020)

The ICNIRP guidelines extend to a maximum of 61 V/m, although countries that have adopted them can max at any level beneath this.  All biologically based EMF/RF/Wi-Fi standards support a maximum of 0.614 VM   One prime example of independent research that supports the 0.614 V/m and reviews the biological effects is the 2012 (Summary for the Public).  This report emerged from the BionItiative Working Group, an international collaboration of prestigious scientists and public health experts.  Also warning about potential effects beyond 0.614 V/m is the Belyaev et al EUROPAEM EMF GUIDELINES 2016 For the Prevention and Treatment of EMF – related health problems and illnesses (European Academy for Environmental Medicine).

Other corroborating signs of the health risks of EMF/RF/Wi-Fi lie in the acknowledgement of such through the actions of the Insurance industry, which withholds cover for risks linked to EMF/RF/Wi-Fi.  Insurance Company specialists in Emerging Risks have warned the insurance industry about the impact of potential risks from the ‘unforeseen consequences of electromagnetic fields.’  ‘The Electromagnetic Fields Exclusion, Exclusion 32 is now a General Insurance Exclusion applied across the market as standard.’  Therefore liability coverage for claims ‘Directly or indirectly arising out of, resulting from or contributed to by electromagnetic fields, electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetism, radio waves or ‘noise’ has now been excluded from public liability policies.  The European Parliament Report on Health Concerns Associated with Electromagnetic Fields (2008/2211(INI). (page 8) refers to the implication of this exclusion especially given ‘that insurers have the ability to evaluate risk …  and to bank on the future, there is good reason to ask why they are seeing fit to apply the precautionary principle in their own way’?

The Telecommunication companies themselves would find it difficult to refute awareness of the health effects of EMF/RF/Wi-Fi as they are very clearly presented in a patent application by one of the largest telecommunication companies, Swisscom.  Swisscom’s patent application confirms adverse health effects (page 2) and also confirms that health destruction is ‘not dependent upon temperature increases’ i.e. thermal effects.


Electrohypersensitivity (EHS) or Microwave Sickness has been a health issue now for at least four decades.  People who are EHS are affected in different ways and to different extents but the main effects have been identified as: insomnia/sleep disruption, headaches, ‘brain fog’/loss of concentration, Fatigue, dizziness, nausea, nose bleeds, ‘microwave hearing’, muscle tingling/sensation of crawling skin, abdominal cramps/digestive problems, heightened sensitivity to noise/light/chemicals, palpitations/arrhythmias, limb currents/ shooting pain, ‘chest tightness’, burning of skin, hand and leg dysfunction, immune problems.  Increased likelihood of long-term effects:  Cancer, neurological diseases, significantly decreased sperm counts/genetic effects such as male sterility, miscarriage and birth defects.  (BioInitiative Report – Conclusions 2012).

The main issue for electrosensitives lies in an inaccessible and toxic environment associated with unsustainable levels of EMF/RF/Wi-Fi both within and outside of their homes. Although effects are accumulative, those with less severe symptoms can initially manage their lives by taking measures to shield rooms and/or their bodies with protective clothing etc. For others, symptoms become so severe that they have no option but to move house, others move from place to place continuously, some resort to living in sheds; sleeping in cars, avoid public/social service providers, hospitals, schools etc. Needs such as shopping, attending the doctor, using public transport, use of social services etc., become almost impossible. At the severe stage there is an inability to continue participating in society or the social activities considered necessary for health and wellbeing. The daily toil of survival is a 24/7/365 operation. For a more comprehensive report focusing specifically on electrohypersensitivity, the paper produced by Dr. Erica Mallery-Blythe – Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity – A Summary 2014 is available.

The concept of ‘noise’ from electromagnetic fields as mentioned in the Insurance Clause 32 above, prompts me to explain ‘microwave hearing’ which is one of the most debilitating effects of Microwave Sickness/Electrohypersensitivity.  Many of those who have been in contact with Electromagnetic Sense Ireland experience ‘microwave hearing’ in addition to other effects.  ‘Microwave Hearing’ is a well established thermal effect that is attributed to the absorption of continuous pulsed microwave/millimeter radiation (Wi-Fi/3G/4G/5G) by the head/brain, which causes a ‘thermoelastic wave of acoustic pressure’ to travel to the inner ear, where it is heard as acoustic ‘noise’.  The phenomenon of ‘microwave hearing’ was first researched by scientist Allan Frey and published in 1961 in Aerospace Medicine 32: 1140 – 42 Auditory System Response to Radio Frequency Energy – Frey.  Since then there have been numerous papers published e.g. Hearing of Microwave pulses by Humans and Animals: Effects, Mechanism, and Thresholds – Lin, J. C. and Wang, Z.

In reference to your field of work i.e. psychology/behaviour we too would like to dispel a myth apropos the Nocebo hypothesis i.e. that people become aware from reading newspapers or social media about the possible health risks from EMF/RF/Wi-Fi non-ionising radiation and the anxiety about this subsequently leads to the symptoms of Electrohypersensitivity developing.  There are a number of reasons why this hypothesis is inaccurate e.g. as a rule people usually get the symptoms first and then seek the cause.  Also, insects, plants and animals so not access media of any kind and yet studies too numerous to mention exist demonstrating clearly that these, as with all living things, are affected by EMF/RF/Wi-Fi.  The most recent comprehensive and urgent report has been written by Ulrich Warnke with an advisory team made up of five Professors and two Doctors entitled Bees, Birds and Mankind, Destroying Nature by ‘Electrosmog’ (English Edition:  2009)

We note that you are working within the area of Mental Health and are then likely to be aware of the report produced by the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland – A report of the Psychiatric Epidemology Research across the Lifespan PERL Group/10796129  (2013).

Professor Martin Pall’s peer-reviewed research may be of some interest to you as a tool in understanding a link between EMF/RF/Wi-Fi and mental health. – Microwave frequency electromagnetic fields EMFs produce widespread neuropsychiatric effects including depression.

 (Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy, Volume 75, Part B, September 2016 pages 43 – 51).

As a group of ordinary citizens we know we are not alone in our experience – we leave you with a link to the case in 2018 concerning USA and Canadian diplomats working in Cuba and China and the ‘mystery illness’ they suffered.  Professor of Medicine at University of California Dr. Beatrice Golomb reported that their illness ‘strongly match known effects of pulsed radiofrequency/microwave electromagnetic radiation which included ‘microwave hearing’.

Our experience to date regarding the issue of EMF/RF/Wi-Fi is that the authorities in-charge are not paying attention and we can only speculate that this may be due to corporate pressure, acceptable loss, personal gain, or perhaps it is linked to Irish ‘expert’ Tom McManus’s (RIP) declaration that ‘Irelands EMF policy is not to allow the EMF-health issue affect the growth and prosperity of the Irish economy’ (Seminar in Canada on EMF Risk Perception and Communication WHO, page237).  One thing we are sure of is that lack of critical enquiry by those in authority is far more dangerous than carbon created by people lighting their fires.

We sincerely wish you well in your future pursuits and thank you for taking the time to read this.

ETHNA MONKS, 21st February 2021

Member of Electromagnetic Sense Ireland,

A group who are pro safe technology and have been consistent since the late 1990s in asking those in authority to adopt the Precautionary Principle and replace wireless broadband systems with shielded wired systems for the sake of public health, and to inform the public about the dangers of EMF/RF/Wi-Fi.


The World Health Organisation’s, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and their team has classified all of Radiofrequency as a ‘Class 2b possible carcinogen’ (2011).  (WHO IARC Monograph, Volume 102, part 2, page 419)

 2018 The National Toxicology Program (NTP) (USA), a large study that found clear evidence of increased risk of glioma, cancer of the brain, cancer of the heart and DNA damage.  These findings were wrongly criticised by ICNIRP and a response to this has been published by Dr. Ronald Melnick PhD (head of the NTP) in the Radiation Safety Journal, Health Physics 2020, Volume 118 – Issue 6, p 678-682.

Corresponding with NTP conclusions is an equally large research study carried out in 2018 by the Ramazzini Institute, Italy.  Link to a comparison of both studies:

2018  In Professor Martin Pall’s paper Wi-Fi is an Important Threat to Human Health  published in Environmental Research 164 (2018) 405 – 416 and available at: he reviews repeated studies on Wi-Fi and other microwave frequency EMF/RF/Wi-Fi.  He identifies seven effects that are consistently accepted as proven in 10 to 16 studies and which can therefore be scientifically referred to as established.  These established effects are oxidative stress, sperm/testicular damage, neuropsychiatric effects including EEG changes, apoptosis, cellular DNA damage, endocrine changes and calcium overload.  The review informs that effects are often cumulative and irreversible, and may impact young people more than adults.


2020 Consensus Statement of UK and International Medical and Scientific Experts and Practitioners on Health Effects of Non-Ionising Radiation (NIR) – on behalf of Physicians’ Health Initiative for Radiation and Environment (PHIRE) and the British Society for Ecological Medicine (BSEM).  Already signed by groups representing 3,500 medical doctors.

2018 EMF Call for Truly Protective Limits for Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields and signed by 244 scientists & doctors and 86 NGOs.

International Appeal – Stop 5G on Earth and in Space, released 2017. Sent to the UN, WHO, Council of Europe and Governments.  Out of the 172,395 signatures from 204 countries, scientists numbered 4,503 and Psychologists, Psychotherapists and Social Workers numbered 9,663.

International EMF Scientist Appeal to UN to Protect Humans and Wildlife from Electromagnetic Fields and Wireless Technology in the face of increasing evidence of risk – released in 2015 with a call for more protective guidelines – sent to the UN, WHO and UN member nations – signed by 255 EMF scientists from 44 nations and 15 Supporting Scientists from 11 nations. (as of January 2021).


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