Electromagnetic fields from powerlines, mobile phones, mobile phone masts, smart meters and wireless devices also impacts birds, bees, wildlife, plant life and our natural environment.
2011 Exposure to cell phone radiations produces biochemical changes in worker honey bees – Neelima R. Kumar, Sonika Sangwan, and Pooja Badotra
2011 Study – Mobile Phone Induced Honeybee Piping – Daviel Favre
Study: Electromagnetic Fields A ‘Credible Threat’ To Wildlife by Joel M. Moskowitz, Ph.D.
2018 – EKLIPSE REPORT, an EU-funded review body dedicated to policy that may impact biodiversity and the ecosystem, looked at over 97 studies on how electromagnetic radiation may affect the environment. It concluded this radiation could indeed pose a potential risk to bird and insect orientation and plant health.
- Malkemper EP, Tscheulin T, VanBergen AJ, Vian A, Balian E, Goudeseune L (2018). The impacts of artificial Electromagnetic Radiation on wildlife (flora and fauna). Current knowledge overview: a background document to the web conference.
- Goudeseune L, Balian E, Ventocilla J (2018). The impacts of artificial Electromagnetic Radiation on wildlife (flora and fauna). Report of the web conference. A report of the EKLIPSE project.
Plant and Trees
Radiofrequency radiation injures trees around mobile phone base stations. Waldmann-Selsam C, Balmori-de la Puente A, Breunig H, Balmori A (2016)
Plant Responses to High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields
Alain Vian, Eric Davies, Michel Gendraud, and Pierre Bonnet
Weak radiofrequency radiation exposure from mobile phone radiation on plant – Halgamuge MN, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering , The University of Melbourne
Reduced growth of soybean seedlings after exposure to weak microwave radiation from GSM 900 mobile phone and base station – Malka N. Halgamuge, See Kye Yak, Jacob L. Eberhardt
MORE STUDIES ABOUT THE EFFECTS OF EMFs ON WILDLIFE AND OUR ENVIRONMENT:
Environmental Health Trust Bees, Butterflies, Wildlife and EMFs
Other Environmental and Human Considerations:
Mining and Toxic E-Waste
Vast amounts of mining of tin, lead, cobalt etc is required for components for smart phones, tablets, batteries. Workers who mine for these raw components work in extremely unsafe conditions for very little pay. Children, some as young as four, are also forced to work in mines.
With technology companies bringing out new and updated phones and devices regularly, consider the environmental implications of disposing old ones. Much of these are illegally exported to dumps in developing countries, causing toxic waste and harming those working at the dumps and living nearby.
Friends of The Earth – Mining for Smartphones – The True Cost of Tin https://friendsoftheearth.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/tin_mining.pdf
Four-Year-Old Children Are Being Forced To Mine For Cobalt To Make Smartphones Work – http://www.trueactivist.com
Toxic ‘e-waste’ dumped in poor nations, says United Nations https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/dec/14/toxic-ewaste-illegal-dumping-developing-countries
The environmental cost of making a smartphone – www.naturalnews.com
Many companies and governments are heralding “smart” technology with energy saving and being “green” and good for the environment. Wireless technology is neither a sustainable nor environmentally-friendly technology because wireless technology uses far more energy than wired connections.
Mobile phone masts and base stations are constantly on. Data centres where information is stored and downloaded and streamed from to mobiles, tablets and computers require immense amounts of electricity for cooling systems and the electrical power to process information to billions of devices around the globe.
With the roll-out of further base stations and antennae for 3G, 4G and thousands more for 5G, energy consumption will increase.
Global warming: Data centres to consume three times as much energy in next decade, experts warn https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/global-warming-data-centres-to-consume-three-times-as-much-energy-in-next-decade-experts-warn-a6830086.html
Smartphones Are Killing The Planet Faster Than Anyone Expected https://www.fastcompany.com/90165365/smartphones-are-wrecking-the-planet-faster-than-anyone-expected
Do Mobile Phones Cost the Earth? http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/6174422.stm
E-lephants in Our Hands: How Electronics Impact Climate Change – By Katie Singer https://www.electronicsilentspring.com/e-lephants/
Wireless Technology Consumes Far More Energy Than Wired Connections https://whatis5g.info/energy-consumption/
Emerging Trends in Electricity Consumption for Consumer ICT https://wireless.kth.se/wp-content/uploads/sites/19/2014/08/Emerging-Trends-in-Electricity-Consumption-for-Consumer-ICT.pdf
Our phones and gadgets are now endangering the planet – The energy used in our digital consumption is set to have a bigger impact on global warming than the entire aviation industry https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jul/17/
5G is likely to increase total network energy consumption by 150 to 170 per cent by 2026 https://www.cio.com.au/article/658317/5g-use-will-increase-energy-costs-study/
The 5G Dilemma: More Base Stations, More Antennas—Less Energy?https://spectrum.ieee.org/energywise/telecom/wireless/will-increased-energy-consumption-be-the-achilles-heel-of-5g-networks
5G Dilemma: Higher Throughput But Also Higher Energy Consumption https://ma-mimo.ellintech.se/2018/10/09/5g-dilemma-higher-throughput-but-also-higher-energy-consumption/
Power Consumption: 5G Basestations Are Hungry, Hungry Hippos https://www.lightreading.com/mobile/5g/power-consumption-5g-basestations-are-hungry-hungry-hippos/d/d-id/749979
Operators Optimistic About 5G Technologies but Fear Increasing Energy Consumption, Survey Says https://www.ecnmag.com/news/2019/02/operators-optimistic-about-5g-technologies-fear-increasing-energy-consumption-survey-says